À propos

Des Hydros à l’ENSM

CHRONOLOGIE

– 1180 –
First maritime lecture at Paris University and description of the compass needle.

– 1571 –
Charles IX creates the first Hydrography Academy in Marseille, the oldest higher education Academy after the »College de France ».

– 1665 –
Colbert develops maritime education with Hydrography Academies in Le Havre and Dieppe.

– 1669 –
Opening of the Royal Hydrography Academy in Saint-Malo.
Hydrography chairs are attributed to the Jesuit Colleges of Nantes (1673), Rennes (1674) and Brest (1685).

– 1791 –
Restructuring of the Hydrography Academies, renamed Navigation Academies during the Revolution and the Empire.

– 1825 –
The 44 Academies train only merchant navy seafarers. Their supervision is entrusted to the Navy.

– 1836 –
The Hydrography lecturers become civil servants. They are appointed by the king.

– 1866 –
In Marseille, the Academy settles in Les Accoules.

– 1906 –
The Hydrography Academies are attributed to the Ministry of Trade.

– 1919 –
Academies are maintained only in Dunkerque, Boulogne, Le Havre, Saint-Malo, Saint-Brieuc, Paimpol, Lorient, Nantes, Bordeaux, Marseille and Saint-Tropez.

– 1941 –
In Marseille, the Academy leaves the Villa Gaby for the Villa Valmer, still on the Corniche. In Le Havre, the vocational maritime school and the Hydrography Academy are brought together.

– 1947 –
Maritime Education and the Merchant Navy are now part of the Ministry of maritime transport.

– 1958 –
The « Hydros » become National Academies of the Merchant Navy (ENMM).

– 1961 –
Inauguration of the Sainte-Adresse campus.

– 1965 –
Opening of the La Pointe Rouge campus in Marseille.

– 1986 –
Reports recommend a single Academy delivering an engineer-level title. Paimpol closes.

– 2005 –
Opening of the rescue centre, CESAME, in Saint-Malo.

– 2010 –
Creation of the ENSM.

– 2011 –
The ENSM is certified to deliver an engineer-level diploma to the First Class Merchant navy Officers.

– 2015 –
The President of France inaugurates the Le Havre campus, ENSM’s head-office.

– 2016 –
Patrice Laporte, DESMM 1983, is appointed Managing Director.
Opening of the ENSM to Maritime Engineering courses.

– 2018 –
Signature of the Contract of Objectives and Performance 2018-2022.